Your one-stop shop for everything related to the Peace of Westphalia


The actors who made the Peace of Westphalia.


King Louis XIV

Queen Regent Anne

Cardinal Mazarin, French first minister.  Not so much a biography as a discussion of his cultural significance.

Cardinal Richelieu, Mazarin’s predecessor and originator of the foreign policy Mazarin continued

Claudes de Mesmes, Count d’Avaux

Abel Servien, Count de la Roche des Aubiers

Henri II d’Orléans, Duke of Longueville

Henri de Loménie de Brienne


Queen Christina

Axel Oxenstierna

Johan Oxenstierna

Johan Adler Salvius


King Philip IV

Don Gaspar de Bracamonte y Guzman, Count of Peñaranda

Dr. Joseph de Bergaigne

Antoine Brun

Don Diego de Saavedra y Fajardo

Austrian Habsburgs

Emperor Ferdinand III

Count Maximilian of Trauttmansdorff

Dr. Isaak Volmar

The Dutch Republic

Stadtholder Frederick Henry

Dr. Adriaan Pauw

Johan de Knuyt

Imperial Estates

Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg

Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria

John George, Elector of Saxony

Amalia Elisabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel


Pope Urban VIII

Pope Innocent X

Fabio Chigi

Alvise Contarini

King Christian IV of Denmark

4 thoughts on “Participants

  1. Hello, I recently came into possession of a small brass plaque that reads: , SCHUTTERSMAALTYD A banquet given by the Archers of Amsterdam June 18, 1648 In Celebration of the signing of the Treaty of Westfalia.

    It measures 7 1/4 x 2 3/4″

    I’m not sure if this is of historical significance or value. I would appreciate your reply and I will send you a photo of the item.

    1. Thanks for your comment. This is very interesting, I was unaware of the painting even though it seems to be somewhat famous. The painting appears to have been commissioned in celebration of the Dutch-Spanish Treaty of Münster (signed January 30, 1648, and not usually considered the same as the Peace of Westphalia, an agreement among France, Sweden, and the Holy Roman Empire signed on October 24, 1648). I am not an aniquarian by any means so I can only guess the significance of the plaque you have. It sounds like something that would have hung with the painting in a museum. I assume that, because it’s in English, it would have been in Britain or the U.S., perhaps while the painting was on loan (it currently resides in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam). “Westfalia” is an unusual spelling in English and may indicate that the plaque was created long ago, perhaps a century or so. I wouldn’t imagine it would have much value in itself. But, again, these are guesses; you’d be better off talking to a proper antiquarian if you think it may be valuable. I would be glad to see a picture if you want to send one.

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